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Planning & Zoning in Michigan>Public Acts that Enable Cooperation

Public Acts that Enable Cooperation

The following are descriptions of four public acts in the State of Michigan that enable and encourage intergovernmental cooperation. To view the entire act, visit the Michigan Legislature’s Michigan Compiled Laws web site at www.michiganlegislature.org/law

Regional Planning Act 281 of 1945
Intermunicipality Committees Act 200 of 1957
Urban Cooperation Act 7 of 1967 (Extra Session)
The Metropolitan District Act 312 of 1929

Regional Planning Act 281 of 1945

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MCL 125.12 [M.S.A. 5.3008(2)]
This Public Act provides for the creation of regional planning commissions through a resolution by two or more legislative bodies of any local governmental units. The boundaries of a regional commission need not be coincident with the boundaries of any single governmental subdivision or group of subdivisions but may include all or portions of any governmental subdivision. County boards of commissioners are allowed to serve on a regional planning commission.

Members of the regional planning commission may receive a per diem allowance and mileage as is established and paid for by the commission or as established and paid for by the local unit appointing that member. They may not be reimbursed for more than actual expenses incurred as a member of the commission in carrying out the work of the commission. The mileage and reimbursement shall not exceed the standardized travel regulations of the department of management and budget.

Aid for the purpose of accomplishing the objectives of the regional planning commission may be accepted from all governmental agencies whether local, state or federal, if the conditions under which such aid is furnished are not incompatible with the other provisions of this act. The proportion of the total amount of funds to be so provided by each participating local governmental unit may be suggested by the regional planning investigating committee or prepared as a proposed budget by the regional planning commission and submitted to the legislative bodies of the participating local governmental units. The services of personnel, the use of equipment and office space, and the provision of special services may be accepted from any participating local governmental unit and may be considered a part of the financial support of that governmental unit.

A regional planning commission may accept gifts and grants from public or private individuals or agencies if the conditions under which the grants are made are in accordance with the accomplishment of the objectives of the regional planning commission. Such a commission may lend, grant, transfer, or convey funds received from all federal, state, or local governmental agencies, as permitted by law and subject to applicable restrictions affecting the use of those funds.

The regional planning commission shall be given access to all studies, reports, surveys, records, and all other information that is in the possession of governmental agencies required for the accomplishment of the commission’s objectives.

Local government subdivisions, whether active participants in the regional planning commission or not, may adopt all or any portion of the plans prepared and adopted by the regional planning commission by following the procedures specified by the legislature or by the local charter for adoption of an official master plan.

Research studies and plans for the physical, social and economic development of the region which are prepared by the regional planning commissions shall be forwarded as soon as is practical and prior to adoption in whole or in part to the office of planning coordination of the executive office of the governor for review and comment.

Intermunicipality Committees Act 200 of 1957

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MCL 123.632 [M.S.A. 5.2450(2)]The governing bodies of any 2 or more municipalities, by resolution, may establish and organize an intermunicipality committee for the purpose of studying area governmental problems of mutual interest and concern, including such matters as facility studies on sewers and sewage disposal, water, drains, roads, rubbish and garbage disposal, recreation and parks, and ports, and to formulate recommendations for review and action thereon by the member governing bodies.

For the purpose of providing funds to meet the expenses of the intermunicipal committee, the member governing bodies, by resolution, may authorize the allocation of municipal funds for such purpose. The proportion of the total amount of funds to be provided by each member municipality shall be based on the recommendation of the intermunicipality committee, or shall be provided for in the bylaws of the committee, which shall have been approved by the member governing bodies. Services of personnel, use of equipment and office space and other necessary services may be accepted from member municipalities and may be considered as a part of the financial support of that municipality.

Urban Cooperation Act 7 of 1967 (Extra Session)

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MCL 124.501 - 512 This is an act to provide for interlocal agreements between any political subdivision of this state or any other state in the United States or the Dominion of Canada. These political subdivisions including, but not limited to, a county, city, village, township, school district, single or multipurpose public authority, shall be known as “public agencies”.

A public agency in Michigan may exercise jointly with any other public agency in the US or Canada the power, privilege, or authority that such agencies share in common and which each might exercise separately.

Upon approval of the legislative body of each contracting local governmental unit, two or more local governmental units that levy a property tax under the general property tax act may enter into an interlocal agreement for the sharing of all or a portion of revenue derived by the levy of general ad valorem property taxes or specific taxes levied in lieu of general ad valorem property taxes upon any property and for the benefit of a local governmental unit entering into that agreement.

The Metropolitan District Act 312 of 1929

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MCL 119.1 - 119.18 This act provides for the incorporation by any two or more cities, villages, or townships, or any combination or parts thereof, of a metropolitan district comprising territory within their limits for the purpose of acquiring, owning, and operating parks or public utilities for supplying sewage disposal, drainage, water, or transportation, or any combination thereof. A district may sell or purchase sewage disposal, drainage rights, water, or transportation facilities. A district may also acquire the rights, obligations, and property of such cities, villages, and townships connected with such functions of public utilities, subject to the approval of a majority of the electors voting.

This act limits the rate of taxation of a district for its municipal purposes and restricts its powers of borrowing money and contracting debts. It explains the method by which charters may be framed, adopted, and amended and laws and ordinances relating to its municipal concerns may be enacted and defines the powers, rights, and liabilities of a district.
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